The reggae band Steel Pulse was formed in Birmingham, in 1975. Sons of Jamaican immigrants, its founders David Hinds (composition, vocals, guitar), Basil Gabbidon (guitar) and Ronnie McQueen (bass) met at school. Soon after, they recruited Steve Nisbett (drums), Selwyn Brown (keyboards, vocals), Alphonso Martin (percussion, vocals) and Michael Riley (vocals). Due to connections with the punk scene, the group played the same halls as The Clash, The Stranglers and Generation X. Their first disc, Handsworth Revolution, was released in 1978. Since then, despite a number of changes in personnel, Steel Pulse perseveres. They released the disc African Holocaust in 2004.